Diabetes or high blood sugar is a condition that happens when the pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin or the cells can’t respond properly to it. There are three types of this disease:
This happens when the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin and it is considered as an autoimmune disease. Risk factors are family history or some damage in the cells due to some viruses and lack of vitamin D.
This is the most common one and is happening when the pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin but the cells also aren’t able to use it properly.
Risk factors are high blood pressure, cholesterol, and triglycerides, family history, gestational diabetes, obesity, aging, etc.
It happens after pregnancy and a person is more likely to develop it if it is obese or overweight.
Diabetes is also called silent killer because it can lead to more serious damages and diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, kidney damage, skin problems, etc.
ADDITIONAL RISK FACTORS
Lack of exercise
COMMON SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES
If you are urinating too much or abnormal amount of urine it might be a sign of diabetes type 1 or 2. This condition is known as polyuria and it happens because the kidneys are working too much to throw out the sugars from the blood. If you notice that you are peeing more often especially at night visit your doctor.
Frequent urination leads to thirst because the body becomes dehydrated. If you are consuming sodas, chocolate milk or juice you will become even more thirsty. This is another sign that you should visit your doctor.
People suffering from diabetes aren’t able to regulate the glucose which is necessary as energy and therefore, they are feeling hungry more often. When there is a lack of glucose in the body it seeks more food.
SLOWER HEALING OF THE WOUNDS
Blood sugar narrows the blood vessels and hardens the arteries this leads to less oxygen to the wounds and they heal very slowly due to that. The red blood cells are carrying nutrients to the cells and now these cells have a lack of nutrients.
People suffering from diabetes also have a weakened immune system and this makes them prone to infections and especially skin infections and UTIs.
UNEXPLAINED WEIGHT LOSS
Loss of water and the inability of the body to absorb all the calories can lead to weight loss. The body won’t be able to break down the protein and this can additionally lead to weight loss.
WEAKNESS AND FATIGUE
High blood sugar leads to weakness and fatigue because the cells can’t absorb the glucose and the blood circulation is reduced.
TINGLING SENSATION AND NUMBNESS
These are also common signs of diabetes and they happen because the blood flow is reduced and there is poor circulation. If you notice some of these symptoms you should visit your doctor.
DRY AND ITCHY SKIN
Due to poor circulation, the sweat glands don’t function properly and the result is dry skin.
High blood sugar changes the fluids in the body and this dries the eyes and makes the vision blurry.